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New documentation for 4.1 and 4.0

The updated Flight Manual for the FSX version of Draken has now been officially released. A link to the online manual can be found in the top menu, and a printable pdf version (100 pages, 7.5 MB) can be downloaded from the Downloads page.

The new edition covers both versions 4.0 and 4.1 (to be released) and the previous edition can no longer be downloaded.

The online manual has been tested with Firefox (recommended), Chrome and IE9, but as always there may be problems with some browsers. If you have problems accessing the online version, or find any errors in the content, please let me know.

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A change of scenery

Barbro and Anita
The 3d objects in the scenery that is installed with Draken have never been supposed to be authentic, as I never had a clear idea of what these now-defunct navaids really looked like. In version 4.1 they have been replaced with objects that look a little more like the real thing. You can update your existing scenery for 4.0 or 4.1b1 by replacing the “Barbro” scenery folder with the one in this zip file. Remember to make a backup of the old scenery, just in case.

Download Barbro scenery 4.1b2

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Flight Manual 4.1 online

The Flight Manual for version 4.0 has some errors and missing bits and should have been updated long ago. The changes in 4.1b are of course also not covered by the current edition. The problem is that the documentation was created in a proprietary content management system that belonged to a company I no longer work for, and I do not have access to those tools anymore.

So, updating the manual at this point means taking the raw XML files, writing my own XSLT transformations and formatting objects, and parsing the lot through a free formatter like Apache FOP. For those of you who have not yet fallen asleep, this is basically a tedious process including a lot of manual codewriting to get the final result to at least resemble something printable.

Boring as that may sound, I have started doing exactly that. My first step was to write some XSL stylesheets to be able to present the XML content online while updating it.

This documentation is still a work in progress and is updated daily at this point. A printable PDF version will probably follow once the 4.1 version of Draken is released.

Stay tuned /Tom

LINK: Online Flight Manual – Draken 4.1

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Draken 4.1 beta 1 download


The first public beta version of Draken 4.1 can now be downloaded using the link at the bottom of this post. Reading the following information before downloading will probably save both you and me a lot of pain, so please do.

  • Please read the End User License Agreement (EULA) that is included in the installer, and make sure you understand it before completing installation. By installing the software, you are bound by the agreement. The EULA can also be found here.
  • The installer will overwrite any previously installed files relating to Draken in the Effects, Gauges, Sounds and Additional Scenery folders of FSX. If you have made any modifications to these files on your computer, please remember to make backups. To revert to a previous version, just run the installer for that version again.
  • The Flight Manual has not yet been updated to reflect the latest changes. However, it is still compulsory reading before asking me any questions of the “how to start the engine” kind.
  • The navaids in the included scenery (Barbro) are not always at their precise locations, although they are perfectly usable for navigation. They will be corrected in the final release.
  • A brief list of the changes made between 4.0 and 4.1b1 can be found in a previous post. There have been additional changes since then, and I will try to update the change list as soon as possible.
  • Feedback should preferably be sent to me using the contact form but if you already have the address you can also just email me the usual way.

Download link:    [wpdm_file id=2]

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Beta release imminent

Compiling and test driving before releasing the 4.1 beta. As always, problems that were not there during development have a tendency to surface when you are preparing a release. So, some minor fixes left to do before I put 4.1b1 up for download.

Added the missing radar hand control to the cockpit model today. It was not planned for 4.1 but I added it anyway, just for the hell of it. Not really useful as there is no radar targeting yet, but at least the handle is there, replacing the rather ugly 2D gauge.


The beta will be released this weekend. No kidding!


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Change log for 4.1b1

A pre-release of version 4.1 of Draken for FSX will be available shortly. Here is a list of some of the changes made in this update:

Flight dynamics

  • Fuel consumption reduced – was almost twice of real TFSC
  • Improved engine response in lower throttle range
  • Lift and drag parameters corrected
  • Indicated speed calculation corrected – see previous posts
  • Fuel tank volumes corrected
  • Empty weight and MTOW corrected

Model and textures

  • Added missing details in LODs 20-150
  • Added LOD5 (untextured flats)
  • Remapped nose decals (larger size decals now possible in repaints)
  • Added 3D version of engine panel in VC
  • Added missing circuit breakers in VC
  • Added deicing emergency cutoff valve in VC
  • Reflective and refractive textures fixed (mirrors, switches, glass,etc.)
  • Lots of cosmetic changes to objects and textures

Systems and gauges

  • Afterburner functions rewritten from scratch
  • Drag chute function changed – added reset from panel
  • RAT function completely rewritten – now controlled by rpm, not throttle
  • MTR function changed – now reduces throttle in 2% steps
  • Cabin Pressure Difference gauge completely rewritten
  • Autopilot override function now triggers warning light
  • Automatic switch between Altitude Hold and Attitude Hold in transsonic fixed
  • Wheel brakes are now anti-lock as default
  • Missing and erroneous tool tips fixed
  • Lots of minor adjustments and cosmetic changes


Some of the problems that appear in multiplayer were addressed in this update, but not all of them. At the moment I only have one computer that can run FSX, so I have not been able to test MP locally. Most multiplayer issues will be solved in version 5.0.

If you have done repaints they may have to be modified to work with version 4.1 as there is some remapping of the exterior.

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As you may have noticed, I have once again taken a long – and much needed – pause from all things Draken. Things have lately started rolling again though, so I am reopening the blog for what it’s worth. At the moment there is no timetable, I will just try to handle one thing at a time and see how they turn out.

Before my last break I was working on a number of issues and had already solved most of them, but was stuck on some (and still am). You can read more about them here.

NEW: I am currently working on a number of FSX Missions to accompany Draken: some basic tutorials on flying this beast, and a couple of intercept missions. Creating missions is new to me, and I am still learning. But great fun!  See screenshots below.

Version 4.1 is coming along fine with a great number of changes and bug fixes already applied (a change list will be published shortly). There may or may not be a preview release of 4.1 in November, but definitely a final release before the end of the year. Then on to the brand new 5.0 version. ;)

Stay tuned   /Tom

Matching speeds with an An-2 is… challenging.
Visual and radar contact with an F/A-18 in high speed intercept.
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Problems – October 2013

These are the major unsolved problems I am working on right now. They are related to both the final update of the FSX version (4.1) and to the planned P3D version (5.0).


There are a number of problems with Draken in multiplayer, one of them being that animations and fx are not working from the other player’s POV. The reason behind this is that Draken contains custom animations and functions that are compiled into the model. These will not carry over into MP,  you only get the animations that are also present in the model you are flying. So other players flying Draken will see the custom animations, but not players in other types of aircraft. The only way around this is to rewire the custom animations to stock animations. I am working on this but it will take some time.

Another problem is that smaller parts of the model disappear as you move away, regardless of which LOD is currently active. This is due to the somewhat erratic LOD handling in MP, where the SmallPartRejectRadius entry in fsx.cfg takes precedence over the LOD:s. There are numerous posts on the Internet saying that this is deprecated since SP2, but this is not true. If the entry is missing from fsx.cfg in SP2/Acc, the parameter will default to 1.0 (pixels) according to the SDK – although in reality it seems to be more like 2.0. Setting the value to zero will render “everything” but you will also take a minor/major performance hit depending on your hardware, number of players, etc. My advice is to try values between 0.0 and 2.0 and find a good balance for your MP environment.


In Draken the afterburner is activated manually with a key command, but shut off automatically as soon as you move the throttle back. This is achieved by setting the afterburner_throttle_threshold entry in aircraft.cfg to >1.0. This unfortunately also means that the throttle setting will automatically go to the threshold value as you hit the A/B key, which in this case means full throttle.

I discovered that the reason for this is that afterburner_throttle_threshold is not simply a threshold value for triggering afterburners, it’s actually a scalar for the throttle tables in the airfile – but only when afterburners_available is set to a value greater than zero. For example, a value of 0.8 means that you will get maximum fuel flow (and N2) at 80% throttle position. Now a single-stage afterburner (afterburners_available = 1) will ignite at 99% throttle, regardless of the threshold value. With multiple-stage afterburners, the activation threshold is lower. I have not yet figured out exacly why and how these factors work together. But the gist of this is that you cannot separate afterburner from throttle position in FSX. In the real Draken you could adjust the throttle while on afterburner, which could be crucial in formation flying. In FSX this is not possible. With afterburner on, you are stuck with the threshold value. It took me years (!) to discover that this is a limitation in FSX itself.

Another problem is that in multiplayer, other players will not see your afterburner fx since they are tied to a custom function compiled into the model (see above). I therefore tried to rewrite the A/B logic using only the stock functions and animations. This turned out to be a major headache for me, as the criteria for A/B actuation are quite complex in Draken compared to (for instance) the stock F/A-18. I am still working on this but I doubt that I will ever get it completely right…

Radio frequency settings, etc.

People are often complaining (politely) about the fact that the radios in Draken are tied to local variables, which apparently poses a problem when using ATC or when flying in a VA environment such as VATSIM. Now, the radios were among the first gauges I developed for Draken, more than a decade ago, and they were designed for the single-player flying that I was doing at the time. I have since done some changes and simplified the radios so that they respond to FSX key commands, but there is still some work to do. My goal is to have most of the radio and avionics settings using standard variables. Working on this, too.

So, a lot to do, as always.  ;)

Stay tuned  /Tom

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Not dead yet

Hello again, whoever is listening.

Draken development has been low-priority for a while due to personal and family problems. But the agenda still holds, I am hellbent on moving my simulation of one of the most wonderful jet fighters ever into the the next-generation world of flight simulation. Pretentious? Maybe. But that’s me.

I have now finally moved from modeling in GMax to 3DS Max with the new 64-bit Prepar3D SDK. This means that I have a lot more freedom in modeling, and more powerful tools for texture mapping. Texturing is thus getting a radical overhaul, primarily to allow for higher resolution (and more flexible) repaints.

The virtual cockpit is also being almost completely redone, mainly because VR is getting to be a big thing in simulation games. Lockheed Martin are talking about Oculus Rift compatibility, and there are a lot of users already using different 3D solutions. So I realise the need to come up with a cockpit environment where you can actually move around in three dimensions and still have that “sense of immersion” .

Any screenshots? Not right now. I really need to shape up and get the new texture mapping done first. Then, maybe.

Please stay tuned,